The construction of this section was started in the mid-6th century during China’s Northern Dynasties (386 - 581) and what now remains is the main restoration made during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). It has served as a northern barrier of what is now Beijing through the ages. Connected with Juyongguan Pass in the west and Gubeikou Gateway in the east, this section was built along steep ridges and deep valleys. Differing from that part of the Great Wall more widely visited, this section is renowned for its unique fortifications.
Most parts of the Great Wall have outer defensive parapets to provide cover for the soldiers and a low parapet on the inner side (called Nu Qiang) to prevent soldiers or horses from falling. (See the photos of Badaling, to see the difference) However, in this section, both the outer and inner parapets have melons, indicating its military importance. Also there is a 1000 meter long wall parallel to the main wall to enhance the defenses.
You can mount steps to climb the wall but it is physically demanding, or you can take the cable for a single trip at 35 Yuan or a round trip at 50. Former U.S. President Bill Clinton and British Prime Minister John Major had taken the Mutianyu Gondola up to the wall.
The surrounding natural environment is most attractive. Here the mountains are densely covered by verdant plants and tall ancient trees. In autumn, the maple leaves with their bright shades are truly amazing. In recent years, a garden party is usually held in autumn. Tourists can enjoy the sights of festive bonfires, performances in ancient costumes and other entertaining programs.
Fantastic Toboggan Ride
Mutianyu also features a summer toboggan run – open hour:8am-5pm in summer. situated on tower 6, which was built and opened in 1998. The total length of the run is 1580m (5184ft). Mutianyu toboggan ride goes down a series of zigzag bends, with an altitude difference of around 100m (328ft).
Mutianyu toboggan enables riders to sit on a wheeled sled and speed down the long track. The toboggan is a favorite among kids and it is safe as well since there is a hand break for riders to control the speed of the metal toboggan ride. Carts for single and double is available so that adult can keep their child accompany during the toboggan ride. A visit to the great wall is no more tiring and wasting time with the use of Mutianyu toboggan and cable car service.
For more information please go to http://www.greatwalladventure.com/